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The engraving is done on wood. It was this image that had a tremendous impact on art. Until the 18th century, this image was used in all biology textbooks.
Dürer was able to draw a rhinoceros, but he never saw him live. At this time, Europe believed that this animal exists only in myths. He was synonymous with something incredible.
In 1512, the rhino was presented to the Portuguese emperor, who was incredibly surprised by such an unusual animal. The emperor had an irresistible desire to defeat the Pope himself. He decides to please him with such an unexpected gift and sends a rhino to him. But the animal was transported on a ship. The animal enraged along the way. The rhino made a hole in the ship, and the ship sank. All of Europe began to talk about this unusual beast. Dürer fell into the hands of a sketch of a rhinoceros made by a man whose name is unknown.
The master was able to depict this incredible animal in woodcut. It was Dürer that popularized him. The study of rhinos on his work continued even when in Europe they were already able to get acquainted with this beast live. This surprised many.
Dürer endowed the rhino with fabulous features. So, for example, on his back you can see another horn. In front of him is a shield, and under the very face of the legendary armor. Some researchers are sure that these armor is not a figment of the artist’s imagination. Before the rhino was presented to dad, a whole performance was conceived. The rhino was supposed to fight the elephant. It is likely that this is why these armor was put on the animal. An eyewitness saw him in them and sketched it.
The creation of Durer quickly became really famous. It sold in a large number of copies. So, Salvador Dali created a sculpture depicting this animal.
Dürer's rhino is charming today. Most likely, the secret lies in the surprise that this unusual picture causes.
Self Portrait With Cut Off Ear And Tube